2015. Cure S et al. – Cost-effectiveness of sofosbuvir for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C-infected patients
Cure S, Guerra I, Dusheiko G. Cost-effectiveness of sofosbuvir for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C-infected patients. J Viral Hepat. 2015;22(11):882-9.
The efficacy of treatment for hepatitis C genotype 1 infection has significantly improved with the introduction of first-generation protease inhibitors. However, there remains a need for effective treatments for patients infected with other genotypes, for nonresponders and patients unsuitable for interferon. Sofosbuvir is the first nucleotide polymerase inhibitor with pan-genotypic activity. Sofosbuvir-based regimens have resulted in >90% sustained virological response across treatment-naïve genotype 1-6 patients in five phase III clinical trials of sofosbuvir administered with ribavirin or pegylated interferon and ribavirin. This analysis evaluates the cost-effectiveness of sofosbuvir within the current licensed indication, for genotype 1-6 in the UK. A Markov model followed a cohort of 10 000 patients over lifetime, with approximately 20% initiating treatment for compensated cirrhosis. Sofosbuvir-regimens were compared to telaprevir, boceprevir, pegylated interferon and ribavirin, or no treatment. Costs and outcomes were discounted at 3.5%. The cost perspective utilized costs applicable to the National Health Service in the UK. Sofosbuvir proved to be cost-effective in most patient populations with incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) at £11 836/QALY and £7292/QALY against telaprevir and boceprevir, respectively. In genotype 3, sofosbuvir had a weighted ICER of £18 761/QALY. Sofosbuvir-based regimens are a cost-effective option for the majority of hepatitis C-infected patients in the United Kingdom although the incremental cost-effectiveness varies by genotype and regimen. Sofosbuvir and ribavirin is an alternative regimen for patients unsuitable for interferon.